The prostate is a small gland that only men have in their reproductive systems. It is close in shape and size to a walnut. The prostate gland is located low in the pelvis, under the bladder, and in front of the rectum. The function of the prostate is to help make a third the semen the body produces. It also helps to keep urine out of semen and enhances pleasurable sensations of arousal.
As many men get older problems can arise in the prostate gland. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra which passes urine; this is the source of most problems that develop. The prostate also tends to grow bigger with age and can squeeze the urethra or a tumor can develop that would also make the prostate larger.
Enlarged prostate, prostate cancer and an infection known as prostatitis are the three most common problems that aging men have. There are three tests that can be done to determine if your prostate is healthy or not. A digital rectal exam is a test to feel the prostate for problems. The prostate specific antigen test is a blood test and a biopsy can be done to test for cancer.
Prostatitis is an infection or inflammation of the prostate gland. It can affect at least half of all men at some point in their lives. Having this infection does not increase your chances prostate protocol reviews 2021 of prostate disease and it is not contagious or spread through sexual contact. Its symptoms include trouble passing urine, chills, fever, and pain in the groin, painful ejaculation, lowered sex drive, and rectal pressure or throbbing. Most cases of prostatitis can be treated with antibiotics for several weeks.
Enlarged prostate is also known as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). Hyperplasia means too much growth and benign means not cancerous. Symptoms for Enlarged prostate and prostate cancer can be similar but you can not get prostate cancer from having an enlarged prostate. Symptoms for BPH include trouble beginning to urinate, passing urine often, weak or slow urine stream, and feelings of bladder not fully emptied. It takes many years for enlarged prostate to become a bothersome problem. By the age of 70 all men have some kind of prostate enlargement. It can get almost to the size of a lemon. There are surgeries and drug therapies to treat enlarged prostate.
Prostate cancer happens when cancer cells form in the tissue of the prostate. These cancer cells tend to grow more slowly than most other cancer cells. Cell changes may happen within 10, 20, or 30 years before a tumor gets big enough to cause symptoms. But cancer cells can spread through out the body; so by this time has passed it may have spread to other parts of the body, most commonly the pelvic lymph nodes and bones. Symptoms include weak urine stream, trouble passing urine, pain in hips, back, and pelvis, and painful ejaculation.